Yoga, the ancient art of meditation and exercise, has been a significant part of Indian culture for a very long time. And is a 5000-year-old tradition that is followed. It has always been an integral part of our tradition and culture. Yoga is considered as Complementary and Alternative Medicine by the National Institute of Health. The word 'Yoga' has been derived from the Sanskrit word 'Yuj' which means to join, attach and harness. Yoga helps to build strength, endurance, flexibility, and develop qualities of friendliness, compassion, self-control, calmness, and well-being.
Philosophy of Yoga was first described by Patanjali in Yoga Sutras. Today many people relate Yoga only with asana but it also includes conscious breathing, meditation, lifestyle, and diet changes.
Yoga is a physical activity that consists mainly of asanas and is also connected to breathing exercises. It is highly beneficial for everyone as it keeps the body healthy physically as well as mentally. Yoga is considered as a technique to control the body and the mind.
In today’s time, Yoga is recognized as a mind and body medicine that affects not our physical and mental health but also our spiritual component and improves our health, especially stress-related illness. Our lifestyle brings stress with it that is a big cause of heart disease, cancer, stroke, and many other chronic conditions and diseases. Yoga works as the best remedy for this stress management.
In recent years yoga has been identified as the best form for its therapeutic effects and benefits. Therapeutic yoga may be defined as the application of yoga postures and practices for the treatment of health conditions. Yoga practice not only enhances muscular strength and body flexibility but also improves respiratory and cardiovascular function, reduces stress, anxiety, depression, improves sleep patterns, and overall well-being.
As per Buddhist philosophy, addiction towards different things has its roots in mind, and the practice of meditation helps the addicts to develop detached awareness of thoughts.
Swami Vivekanand was the first Hindu teacher to actively advocate and disseminate the aspects of yoga to the western audience. He organized numerous conferences on the subject, translated yogic text from Sanskrit to English, and also demonstrated yoga poses at a World Fair in Chicago.
In modern times not only in India but also in western countries, yoga is practised by many. In India, many health and meditation centres have come up in recent years in Uttranchal Region. These centres are visited by many people not only from India but worldwide to practice yoga and meditation. These are also popular as stress management centres.
Every year June 21st is celebrated as International Yoga Day. This year social distancing is being practised in different countries, seeing this, “Yoga for Health-Yoga at Home” is the theme set by the United Nations.
Therefore overall we can say that Yoga is the key to unlock the divinity in man. The body is considered a temple and yoga is the way to worship it.